In Japan the rail network is well-developed and in cities many people use trains for commuting to their workplace or school.
The punctuality of Japanese railways has no match in the world.
And, it is considered Japanese railways are the safest in the world against crimes and rail disasters.
Japan Railway (JR) Group
In Japan about 70 percent of train network is now operated by the seven companies belonging to JR Group.
In 1987, the government-owned Japanese National Railways was privatized and divided into seven companies.
Now JR Group consists of JR Hokkaido, JR East, JR Tokai (Central), JR West, JR Shikoku, JR Kyushu & JR Freight.
JR East (Higashi-Nihon)(http://www.jreast.co.jp/e/)
JR Central (Tokai)(http://english.jr-central.co.jp/index.html)
JR West (Nishi-Nihon)(http://www.westjr.co.jp/global/en/)
Private Railway Companies
Tobu Railway Corporation runs trains in the northern part of Kanto area.
The network connects Asakusa with Nikko and Kinugawa Onsen.
You can go to Asakusa and feel the mood of the good old days of Japan, visit TOKYO SKYTREE which is the tallest broadcasting tower in the world (634m), sightsee shrines and temples of Nikko that was listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site, or enjoy Onsen hot springs in Kinugawa.
Seibu Railway runs trains in Tokyo metroplitan area and Saitama Prefecture (West of central Tokyo).
Tokyu Corporation operates a network of lines in the south of Tokyo.
Recently, Tokyu provides through services in cooperation with other railway companies so that it became much more useful.
Odakyu operates one main line that runs from Shinjuku,Tokyo to Odawara,Kanagawa.
And the main line has three branch lines whose destinations are Hakone (tourist spot), Karakida (Tama area) and Enoshima (sought-after sea shore in Kanagawa).
Keio Dentetsu (Railway) operates one main line that runs from Shinjuku,Tokyo to Hachioji, located at the west of Tokyo.
The main line has two branch lines whose destinations are Mount Takao (Takao-san) and Hashimoto.
Keikyu Railway operates one main line that runs from Sengakuji or Shinagawa,Tokyo to Misaki-guchi, located at the farthest south of Miura Peninsula of Kanagawa Prefecture.
The main line has four branch lines.
One of them connects to Haneda Airport so that it is very convenient.
Keisei Electric Railway(http://www.keisei.co.jp/keisei/tetudou/skyliner/us/index.html)
Keisei Dentetsu (Electric Railway) operates a main line from Ueno,Tokyo to Narita Airport,Chiba Prefecture, and also runs a few branch lines.
If you take the Skyliner cannonball, you can reach Ueno Station from Narita Airport in about 40 minutes.
Enoden (Enoshima Electric Railway)(http://www.enoden.co.jp/flangu/e1top.htm)
The Enoden line was opened in 1902 (35th year of the Meiji era).
Now, it links from Fujisawa to Kamakura in Kanagawa Prefecture.
Electric tramways run through downtown areas of the quaint old cities and also run along the exhilarating Shonan Coast.
Kintetsu is the largest private railway company in length of rail track.
Its lines connect the big cities in Kinki area such as Nagoya, Ise, Kyoto, Nara, Osaka & Kobe.
Nankai Electric Railway(http://www.howto-osaka.com/en/top.html)
Nankai Dentetsu (Electric Railway) runs a few lines whose starting station is Nanba, central of Osaka city, and, the ends of the lines are Kansai International Airport, Wakayama city & Koyasan.
Hankyu Dentetsu (Railway) runs several lines in northern Osaka and provides access to popular sightseeing spots in Kyoto, Osaka & Kobe areas.